Build a dedicated team
It would be disastrous to get the manual testing team to work on test automation tasks. The process and strategy for both is totally different, and even the results expected would differ. Test automation is a dedicated and focused activity to consider, and cannot be mixed. So, it is important to bring a dedicated team on board for the same.
Plan the testing and QA processes
Test processes should be well planned, defined, and documented. Good documentation is the tool that builds efficient communication within the software team. So, effective planning entails the creation of the quality and test plans for a project.
It is necessary to have test plan written by experience person like QA lead or manager. While creating test plan you need follow an organized approach to make it good test plan. The good test plan must cover Scope of testing, test objectives, budget limitations, deadlines, test execution schedule, risks identifications and more.
Finding the right tool is just the beginning
Yes, selecting the right tool is absolutely critical and definitely a good start. However, that doesn’t end the job. The tool cannot be implemented everywhere, as it might not cover every scenario. But if blended with the right strategy and skill sets, the tool will provide the expected results.
Use good metrics
Metrics are important for more than one reason software testing projects. Testing your software is one thing and choosing the right metrics is another. Measuring quality and making the right decisions another. Metrics are used to get the efficiency and productivity over time. Quality Objectives Must Be measurable, documented, reviewed and tracked. Choose metrics which are simple to execute & effective in nature. Make sure that choose metrics such that it will present the big picture like:
- Schedule: Number of test cases written or executed versus the timeline.
- Size: Number of lines of code, modules or test cases.
- Quality: Defect Removal Efficiency (DRE) coverage.
- Rework: Number of test cycles to test bug fixes.
- Resources: Money spent, hours of work.
Automation cannot be done for everything
While automation can solve major critical issues, it cannot be a solution for all. So, it’s a misconception that if you select the right tool you can automate anything. Automation tools can just make the process easier and faster. You will have to loop in and recruit the right processes that can meet the desired goals.
Automation cannot work in isolation; it has to work in tandem with the overall testing process.
While we discuss the key factors involved in effective functional test automation, the role of test engineers has to be specifically emphasized. Test automation engineers are a valuable asset, as they provide visibility of any probable quality issues for the development team across the product’s life-cycle.